India: Science and Technology 2008

India: Science and Technology 2008

Publisher: National Institute of Science, Technology & Development Studies (NISTADS), New Delhi, India; 2009.

The country is entering the age of knowledge when increasing returns would be ubiquitous. The democratic governance structures of this country have evolved, over the course of six decades, sets of complex institutions systems and practices that bind or otherwise relate S&T to the other spheres. With about four thousand research and development organizations, large organized systems of knowledge production, millions of knowledge-workers and an even larger number of citizens trying to engage in knowledge-based activities ranging from agriculture through semi-skilled workers to industrial workers, coupled with the fact of the country being especially gifted with immense diversity in natural resources – the opportunity set of potential outcomes are immense and invigorating.

The long twentieth century in Indian S&T based developmental experiments, in particular at grass roots, has thrown up immense volumes of data, facts and artifacts. A crucial issue emerges. The country very badly needs a strong mechanism to capture data related to S&T and innovation right from the regulatory or executive levels to source-points where S&T output or innovations get generated.

This Report presents several facets of Indian S&T. In lieu of attempting the development of a set of traditionally known indicators of S&T, the attempt here has been to capture multiple facets of Indian economy and society where S&T makes contributions. With unstated theoretical bases, contributors presented research conclusions in the form of several portrayals. Given the fact that S&T interfacing the economy and society has very large dimensions this Report could take up only a handful. Such a collage offers albeit a picture of where Indian S&T is located.

The report is the first of its kind from this country. It is targeted at a wide readership ranging from policy makers and advisors to academic readers as well as the common person. The contents of the report are:

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Research Inventory Reports

Bhattacharya, Sujit. Indian Patenting Activity in International and Domestic Patent System: Contemporary Scenario. Report No. PSA/2006/1. New Delhi: Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, 2007. Download Full-Text

Krishna, V.V. (ed). Indian Country Profile: ERAWATCH Research Inventory Report for India. European Commission, 2009. Download Full-Text PDF

Krishna, V.V. (ed). Country Report on Innovation Policies – India 2008-09, European Union Network InnoPolicy Trendchart, European Commission, 2009. Download Full-Text PDF

Report on the Activities of the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India and the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet. New Delhi: Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, 2009. Report No. PSA/2009/1. Download Full-Text PDF

Science in: India, 2003-07

Science in: India, 2003-07

India’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, expressed as a percentage of papers in each of 21 fields in the Thomson Reuters database. Also, India’s relative citation impact compared to the world average in each field, in percentage terms.

Field Percentage of papers
from India
Relative impact
compared to world
Materials Science 5.45 -25
Agricultural Sciences 5.17 -55
Chemistry 5.04 -32
Physics 3.88 -20
Plant & Animal Sciences 3.40 -61
Pharmacology 3.37 -41
Engineering 3.10 -27
Geosciences 2.90 -49
India’s overall percent share, all fields: 2.75
Ecology/Environmental 2.66 -48
Space Science 2.55 -42
Microbiology 2.33 -48
Biology & Biochemistry 2.18 -52
Computer Science 1.72 -33
Mathematics 1.63 -37
Immunology 1.35 -64
Molecular Biology & Genetics 1.27 -59
Clinical Medicine 1.26 -54
Economics & Business 0.82 -46
Social Sciences 0.70 -46
Neurosciences & Behavior 0.60 -50
Psychology/Psychiatry 0.33 -36

Between 2003 and 2007, Thomson Reuters indexed 116,862 papers that listed at least one author address in India. Of those papers, the highest percentage appeared in journals classified in the field of materials science. As the right-hand column indicates, India’s cites-per-paper average in materials science for the five-year period was at 75% of the world mark (or 25% below: 2.16 cites per paper for India versus the world score of 2.88 cites). Although research in India has yet to attain the world average in any of the main fields shown here, the nation’s relative-impact performance was comparatively strong not only in materials science but in physics, engineering, and computer science.

SOURCE: National Science Indicators, 1981-2007 (containing listings of output and citation statistics for more than 170 countries; available in standard and deluxe versions from the Research Services Group).

http://sciencewatch.com/dr/sci/09/apr5-09_2/

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008. Paris: OECD, 2008.

Global patterns of science, technology and innovation are quickly changing. What are the implications for science and innovation policy? What steps are countries taking to boost their capabilities in science, technology and innovation? What is the contribution of science and innovation to growth and social goals?

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa.

Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research.

New to this edition are individual profiles of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges. The graphs enable countries to see some of their relative strengths and weaknesses as compared to other countries’ performance.

Table of Contents

  • Executive Summary
  • Chapter 1. Global Dynamics in Science, Technology and Innovation
  • Chapter 2. Main Trends in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy
  • Chapter 3. Science and Innovation: Country Notes
  • Chapter 4. Assessing the Socio-Economic Impacts of Public R&D: Recent Practices and Perspectives
  • Chapter 5. Innovation in Firms: Findings from a Comparative Analysis of Innovation Survey Microdata

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WHO’s report on Global TB Control

Global tuberculosis control – epidemiology, strategy, financing

WHO Report 2009
WHO/HTM/TB/2009.411

WHO’s report on Global TB Control compiles data from over 200 countries and territories each year, monitoring the scale and direction of TB epidemics, implementation and impact of the Stop TB Strategy, and progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.

For more details:

http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/2009/en/