Science in: India, 2003-07

Science in: India, 2003-07

India’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, expressed as a percentage of papers in each of 21 fields in the Thomson Reuters database. Also, India’s relative citation impact compared to the world average in each field, in percentage terms.

Field Percentage of papers
from India
Relative impact
compared to world
Materials Science 5.45 -25
Agricultural Sciences 5.17 -55
Chemistry 5.04 -32
Physics 3.88 -20
Plant & Animal Sciences 3.40 -61
Pharmacology 3.37 -41
Engineering 3.10 -27
Geosciences 2.90 -49
India’s overall percent share, all fields: 2.75
Ecology/Environmental 2.66 -48
Space Science 2.55 -42
Microbiology 2.33 -48
Biology & Biochemistry 2.18 -52
Computer Science 1.72 -33
Mathematics 1.63 -37
Immunology 1.35 -64
Molecular Biology & Genetics 1.27 -59
Clinical Medicine 1.26 -54
Economics & Business 0.82 -46
Social Sciences 0.70 -46
Neurosciences & Behavior 0.60 -50
Psychology/Psychiatry 0.33 -36

Between 2003 and 2007, Thomson Reuters indexed 116,862 papers that listed at least one author address in India. Of those papers, the highest percentage appeared in journals classified in the field of materials science. As the right-hand column indicates, India’s cites-per-paper average in materials science for the five-year period was at 75% of the world mark (or 25% below: 2.16 cites per paper for India versus the world score of 2.88 cites). Although research in India has yet to attain the world average in any of the main fields shown here, the nation’s relative-impact performance was comparatively strong not only in materials science but in physics, engineering, and computer science.

SOURCE: National Science Indicators, 1981-2007 (containing listings of output and citation statistics for more than 170 countries; available in standard and deluxe versions from the Research Services Group).


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